République tchèque

Freedom, democracy, human rights and corruption - Romania


Romania, as a government type, is a republic from 30 December 1947.

Romania proclaimed his independence in May 9 1877 from Turkey and it was recognize in July 13 1878 by the Treaty of Berlin. Romania became a kingdom in 26 March 1881.

Romania's national holiday is the Unification Day, 1 December 1918.

Romania has adopted its constitution in 1991 and was revised in October 2003.

The head of state is elected by popular vote for a four-year term. The president appoints the prime minister who is considered to be the head of government.

The Parliament is composed of the Chamber of Deputies (lower house) and the Senate (upper house). The two bodies wield equal powers. Parliamentarians are elected through a proportional system at the national level. Elections are held every four years at the same time for both houses. The Chamber of Deputies and the Senate have 345 and 140 seats respectively.

Related articles

The Romanian political and legal environment


To go further

amnesty.org/en/region/romania - Amnesty International - data for the Romania

freedomhouse.org/country/romania - Freedom House, Romania

http://en.rsf.org/romania.html - Reporters without borders, Romania

ONG Romania
Portal of the ONG in Romania: directory of the ONG, shares of the organization, files in remote loading and other information.


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